Architecture in Pakistan
Pakistan is a country abundant with natural beauty and stunning historical architecture but plagued with corrupt politics. Its architecture has been inflicted by its difficulties through its various time periods and rulings. Its styles range from Mughal to Modern, from British to Greek. Its building range from government buildings to mausoleums and mosques with Badshahi Mosque in Lahore, Faisal Mosque, Islamabad, and Quaid-e-Azam Mausoleum, Karachi some of the most famous.
First Buddhism and Hinduism
Buddhism started to spread and so did its architecture, outstanding architectural monuments were developed. In addition, the Persian and Greek influence led to the development of the Greco-Buddhist style, starting from the 1st century AD. The high point of this era was reached with the culmination of the Gandhara style. Important remnants of Buddhist construction are stupas and other buildings with clearly recognizable Greek statues and style elements like support columns which, besides ruins from other epochs, are found in the Gandhara capital Taxila in the extreme north of the Punjab.
Then Islam in Pakistan
The arrival of Islam in today’s Pakistan – first in Sindh – during the 8th century AD meant a sudden end of Buddhist architecture. However, a smooth transition to predominantly pictureless Islamic architecture occurred. The way early mosques were built with decorations oriented them strongly to the Arab style. The earliest example of a mosque from the days of infancy of Islam in South Asia is the Mihrablose mosque of Banbhore, from the year 727, the first Muslim place of worship in South Asia.
Britain in Pakistan
The British introduced a new style of architecture. It was simple and useful. Often it was the mixture of local and English elements. It can be seen in railway stations, cantonments, courts, colleges and schools, churches, bridges, and museums.
Areas in Pakistan