Italy is the epitome of classical style. Steeped in equal amounts of tradition and elegance. Most commonly known for its arches and domes which were constructed during the ancient Roman times. This started the Renaissance architectural movement in the late 14th to 16th century, and being the homeland of Palladianism, a style of construction which inspired movements such as that of neoclassical architecture, and influenced the designs which noblemen built their country houses all over the world, notably in the western world. Italy also contains more World Heritage Sites than any other country in the world.
Range of Architecture
Italy has a very broad and diverse architectural style, which cannot be simply classified by period, but also by region, because of Italy’s division into several regional states until 1861. This has created a highly diverse and eclectic range in architectural designs. Every part of Italy brims with architectural wonders. Famous landmarks like the Tower of Pisa or the Trevi Fountain in Rome, the Duomo of Milan, and Florence cathedral seem to be around every corner in Italy.
Every Corner of Italy
Italy’s smaller cities offer just as much. Ravenna, which used to be the capital of the Western Roman Empire, is a great chance to see mosaics brought over from the Eastern Roman Empire in Byzantium. Every other year the Venice Biennale is the international showplace for all that’s happening in contemporary architecture.
Ancient Rome and the Italian Renaissance gave Italy a rich architectural heritage that influenced building design around the world. Palladian styles are resonated throughout the world. Palladio’s most famous architecture from the 1500s includes the Rotonda, Basilica Palladiana, and San Giorgio Maggiore all in Venice.
Modern Architecture in Italy
Italy isn’t all about old architecture. Italian modernism was ushered in by the likes of Aldo Rossi and Renzo Piano. International architects have also put their stamp, such as the MAXXI: National Museum of 21st Century Arts in Rome by Zaha Hadid and the MACRO Addition in Rome by Odile Decq. In Milan, CityLife Milano, a planned community has been a collaborative project with Iraqi born Zaha Hadid, Japanese Arata Isozaki, and Polish Daniel Libeskind. There is something to satisfy every architectural interest.
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Cities to Visit in Italy