Vienna’s architecture is booming: Dominique Perrault built the imposing DC Tower, Austria’s tallest building, Jean Nouvel constructed a modern hotel by the Danube Canal, nestles against the old gasometers. One of Europe’s most modern railway stations has also been created with the new Vienna Main Station.
Architecture Styles in Viennese Architecture
A variety of architectural styles can be found, such as the Romanesque Ruprechtskirche and the Baroque Karlskirche. Styles range from classicist buildings to modern architecture. The Secession, Karlsplatz Stadtbahn Station, and the Kirche are Steinhof by Otto Wagner rank among the best-known examples of Art Nouveau in the world. Art Nouveau was a popular architectural style during the 19th century, and post-war Vienna saw many interesting structures pop up.
Iconic Buildings in Viennese Architecture
The mesmerising multicoloured mosaic roof tiles of the Stephensdom Cathedral is remarkable to behold. The Secession Building is an excellent example of Art Nouveau architecture, this grand building is the exhibition hall that houses many of Austria’s most revered artistic triumphs. MUMOK and the Museumsquartier – concrete breezeblocks were the chosen material for this contemporary art museum, giving it a bold and imposing exterior.
The Hundertwasserhaus by Friedensreich Hundertwasser, designed to counter the clinical look of modern architecture, is a popular tourist attractions. Another example of unique architecture is the Wotrubakirche by sculptor Fritz Wotruba. In the 1990s, a number of quarters were adapted and extensive building projects were implemented in the areas around Donaustadt (north of the Danube) and Wienerberg (in southern Vienna).
Concurrent to the Art Nouveau movement was the Wiener Moderne, during which some architects shunned the use of extraneous adornment. A key architect of this period was Adolf Loos, whose works include the Looshaus, the Kärntner Bar and the Steiner House.
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Architecture in Vienna
- Stephenson Cathedrale
- Museum Quartier
- Secssion Building