When one thinks of Rome, classical and historical architecture springs to mind. Once, at the forefront of style, from its arches to its domes. The peak of Rome came as the decline of Greek civilisation allowing Rome to dominate the architecture world. What made Roman architecture stand out was because it not only looks beautiful to look at but practical to use focusing on both the exterior and the aesthetic value. As a result, it is one of the civilisations which had the greatest impact on art, building practices and urban planning across the centuries.
Classical Roman Architecture
Most of Rome’s building were made used concrete and brick. From the 1st century, the Romans began to copy to Greek, by using marble. Columns were also a big part of the classical architecture, some were in the form of statues called caryatids. Others were from the greek, the Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. Roman temples were usually built on raised podiums. many were fronted with a roofed porch with columns.
Early Christian and Medieval Roman Architecture
The first Christian churches in Rome were based on the basilica. From the 10th century, most churches were built in the Romanesque style, which used rounded arches.
Renaissance and Baroque Roman Architecture
Renaissance was built upon classical architecture. It revived the use of geometric proportions. Whereas Baroque did not, it broke the established rules, preferring grand decor over classicism. Some decorative forms that were added were cherubs and statues.
The amphitheatre, otherwise known as the Colosseum, is one of the most famous buildings in Rome and possibly the world especially as it is the largest amphitheatre of its time. It started in 72AD and finished in 80AD with a capacity for more 50,000 spectators. There were as many as 80 different entrances installed.
Modern Architecture in Rome
Rome is not thought of as a city from Modern Architecture but if you know where to look, it does appear.
A few iconic pieces include National Museum of the 21st century, perfectly integrated the building into the urban fabric to interpret the potential of the new institution and equipping it with an extraordinary sequence of public spaces.
Then the Auditorium, The Auditorium is a multi-functional complex mainly dedicated to music. The structure is composed of three “harmonic cases” that seem to resemble three big beetles.
The Macro is the most important museum of contemporary art in Rome, designed by the French architect Odile Decq who converted the old block of the Peroni brewery into a dynamic modern building, mainly dedicated to promoting the contemporary Italian and international art.
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Buildings in Rome